Bibliography on Mennonites in World War II
Mennonite Library and Archives
North Newton, Kansas
(jdt rev1 9sep96)
This bibliography is by no means exhaustive. It is intended only as a starting point.
Bush, Perry J. Drawing the Line: American Mennonites, the State, and Social Change, 1935-1973. Ph.D. dissertation, Carnegie Mellon University, 1990.
Eller, Cynthia. Conscientious Objectors and the Second World War: Moral and Religious Arguments in Support of Pacifism. New York: Praeger, 1991.
Gingerich, Melvin. Service for Peace: A History of Mennonite Civilian Public Service. Akron, PA: Mennonite Central Committee, 1949.
Goossen, Rachel Waltner. "Conscientious Objection and Gender: Women in Civilian Public Service during the Second World War." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kansas, 1993.
Keim, Albert N. The CPS Story: An Illustrated History of Civilian Public Service. Intercourse, PA: Good Books, 1990.
Keim, Albert N.; and Stoltzfus, Grant M. The Politics of Conscience: The Historic Peace Churches and American at War, 1917-1955. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1988.
Olinger, John C. A Place of Conscience: Camp Downey. Pocatello, ID: Idaho State University Press, 1991. (about the Civilian Public Service camp at Downey, Idaho; one of the very few camp histories)
Robinson, Mitchell Lee. "Civilian Public Service during World War II: The Dilemmas of Conscience and Conscription in a Free Society." Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University, 1990.
Sareyan, Alex. The Turning Point: How Men of Conscience Brought About Major Change in the Care of America's Mentally Ill. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, 1994.
Sibley, Mulford Q.; and Jacob, Philip E. Conscription of Conscience: The American State and the Conscientious Objector, 1940-1947. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1952.
Van Dyck, Harry R. Exercise of Conscience: A WWII Objector Remembers. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1990.
Cooley, Earl. Trimotor and Trail. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press, 1984.
Mundell, Asa, ed. Static Lines and Canopies: Stories from the Smokejumpers of 1943-1945, Civilian Public Service Camp 103, Missoula, Montana. Beaverton, OR: Asa Mundell, 1993.
Phifer, Gregg, ed. Smoke Jumper. Missoula, MT: Civilian Public Service Camp 103, 1944. 47pp., sort of a yearbook put out by the CPS men
Smoke Jumper’s Load Line [newsletter]. Seeley Lake, MT: Civilian Public Service Camp 103, 1943-1944. Also called simply Load Line.
Wenger, Roy E. CPS Smokejumper 1943 to 1946: Life Stories. Missoula, MT: R. E. Wenger, 1990-95. 3 vols. as of 1995
Mennonites in the military:
Bush, Perry, "Military Service, Religious Faith, and Acculturation: Mennonite G.I.s and Their Church, 1941-1945," Mennonite Quarterly Review 67 (July 1993): 261-282.
Regehr, T. D., "Lost Sons: The Canadian Mennonite Soldiers of World War II," Mennonite Quarterly Review 66 (October 1992): 481-491.
Sprunger, Keith L.; and Thiesen, John D., "Mennonite Military Service in World War II: An Oral History Approach," Mennonite Quarterly Review 66 (October 1992): 461-480.
The Mennonite Library and Archives also has over 250 tape-recorded interviews with Mennonites who served in Civilian Public Service or in the military. We also have a fairly complete set of camp newsletters from the Mennonite CPS units.